Eastern
NORTH -
1800
1795
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1789
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1787
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1755
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1748
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1697
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1610
1609
1608
1607
1600
1797 ;  2nd President  John Adams
The very well educated John Adams succeeded George Washington. Both were 'Founding Fathers of the
USA
'
.
1795
  
 
 
 
 
N-W Indian WAR ends
The WAR ended.....

*** more later ***
1795
  
   
Cherokee - American WAR ends
The WAR ended....

*** more later ***
1789 ;  1st President  George Washington
As a prominent member of the 'Founding Fathers' he was chosen to be the first President of the
United States of America
.
1789
  
George Washington
As a prominent member of the 'Founding Fathers' he was chosen to be the first President of the
United States of America
.
1788
  
Raleigh chosen Capital
Raleigh chosen Capital of North Carolina
1787
  
Shay's Rebellion ends
The Shay's Rebellion ended.

*** more later ***
1786
  
Shay's Rebellion
Beginning of Shay's Rebellion.

*** more later ***
1785
  
 ⚔ 
 
 
 
N-W Indian WAR
Beginning of the North-West Indian War.....

*** more later ***
1783
  
 
 
Am. Revolutionary WAR ends
1776
  
 ⚔ 
Cherokee - American WAR
Beginning of Cherokee - American War....

*** more later ***
1776
  
The 4th of July:  Independence Day
The First 13 colonies, who were in a way represented by the 'Founding Fathers', declared themselves independent and formed the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
1776
  
The 'Founding Fathers'
The 'Founding Fathers' were the initiators and writers of the Declaration of Independence.
1775
  
 
 ⚔ 
American Revolutionary WAR
Beginning of the American Revolutionary War...

*** more later ***
1774
  
 ⚔ 
Lord Dunmore's WAR
Hostilities arose in nowadays West-Virginia because of the use of hunting grounds by
Shawnee
villagers; Lord Dunmore's War was a fact. The
British
were victorious when the Battle of Point Pleasant was won.
1767
  
Townshend Acts
Townshend Acts.

*** more later ***
1766
  
   
Pontiac's WAR ends
End of Pontiac's War.

*** more later ***
1765
  
Stamp Act
Stamp Act.

*** more later ***
1763
  
 ⚔ 
Pontiac's WAR
Beginning of Pontiac's War.

*** more later ***
1763
  
  
  
  
Royal Proclamation Line
The Royal Proclamation Line.

*** more later ***
1763
  
  
  
  
French & Indian WAR ends
End of French and Indian War.

*** more later ***
1755
  
  
  
Father Le Loutre's WAR ends
End of Father Le Loutre's War.

*** more later ***
1754
  
  
 ⚔ 
  
French & Indian WAR
Beginning of the French and Indian War.....

*** more later ***
1749
  
  
 ⚔ 
Father Le Loutre's WAR
Beginning of Father Le Loutre's War.....

*** more later ***
1748
  
Ohio Company founded
The Ohio Company was founded to gain lands and block
French
expansion.
1748
  
  
  
  
King George's WAR ends
End of King George's War.

*** more later ***
1744
  
  
 ⚔ 
  
King George's WAR
Beginning of King George's War.

*** more later ***
1733
  
Georgia founded
Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe.
1729
  
Baltimore founded
Baltimore founded mainly because of the need for a harbor to improve the tobacco trade.
1725
  
   
End of Dummer's WAR
End of Dummer's WAR.

*** more later ***
1722
  
 ⚔ 
Dummer's WAR
Dummer's WAR.

*** more later ***
1718
  
'Blackbeard' ambushed
'Blackbeard' ambushed.

*** more later ***
1718
  
New Orleans founded
New Orleans founded by J.B. Le Moyne.

*** more later ***
1713
  
  
  
  
Queen Anne's WAR
The end of Queen Anne's war.

*** more later ***
1702
  
  
  
 ⚔ 
Queen Anne's WAR
Queen Anne's war.

*** more later ***
1701
  
   
The Great Peace of Montreal
The
French
and
Iroquois
sign a Peace Treaty; this actually ends the Beaver Wars.
1697
  
  
  
  
King William's WAR
The 1st of the French and Indian Wars came to an end; a status quo ante bellum was agreed upon.
1693
  
College of William & Mary
*** more later ***
1688
  
  
 ⚔ 
  
King William's WAR
In North-America the
French
and the British both wanted a monopoly on fur trade. This was the main reason for the 1st French and Indian War.
1681
  
Pennsylvania granted
Pennsylvania granted by Charles II
1677
  
 ⚔ 
  
Susquehannock defeated
The
English
had turned against their former ally since the Peace Treaty with the Iroquois. Though it was the Iroquois who decisively defeated the Susquehannock.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1676
  
⚔ Bacon's Rebellion
1676
  
   
King Philip's WAR ends
The war ended when resistance faded after the death of Metacomet at Mount Hope.
1675
  
 ⚔ 
King Philip's WAR
The
English
had established a reasonable understanding with inhabitants of local tribes; in particular with the Wampanoag and their Sachem Massasoit. His son Metacomet originally continued this good trade relation. Though, the situation changed when in the East the
English
wanted more land and in the West their traditional enemy, the Iroquois, became more hostile.
1674
  
   
Peace Treaty Iroquois & English

Part of the Beaver Wars.
1674
  
'Nieuw Nederland' ceased to exist
The Treaty of Westminster was signed in London. The
English
claimed again 'Nieuw Nederland' on which the Dutch had to agree upon; they had no choice. 'Nieuw Amsterdam' was renamed to New York.
1673
  
 ⚔ 
Restoration of 'Nieuw Nederland'
On the European Continent the
Netherlands
were since 1672 (the disaster year) again at war with
England
amongst wars with France and others. Despite the situation the Dutch Government wanted to retake 'Nieuw Nederland' and ordered Cornelius Evertsen to sail out; his mission was successful.
1673
  
Shipment of women diminished
The plan had worked and cities grew very well, though it was rather late; the
English
remained very much ahead on the account of citizens. And therefore, the transportation of loads of many women diminished.
1670
  
Charlestown founded
Charlestown founded South-Carolina
1670
  
Hudson Bay Company founded
The
French
men Radisson and des Groseilliers didn't get the means from their superiors to start fur-trading in Northern regions. Mainly therefor they contacted the
English
. With the support of the Duke of Cumberland, Prince Rupert, their efforts were viable. A new economically successful Company was born, though hostilities between local tribes,
New France
and
New England
increased.
1664
  
 ⚔ 
English claimed 'Nieuw Nederland'
The Dutch colonists surrendered without any real resistance at the time.
1663
  
The Kings Daughters
Despite the fact that
French
fur traders explored the New World much sooner than other foreigners in Eastern N.Am., it was the
English
settlements that grew more rapidly because of a policy focused on colonizing. After realizing this Louis XIV changed his concept and sent shipments with loads of women in just a decade.
1663
  
  
 ⚔ 
Iroquois repulsed
With help from the
English
the Susquehannock initially repulsed the Iroquois.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1663
  
Province of Carolina officially founded
New official foundation of Carolina because the old charter of 1629 ruled invalid.
1663
  
 ⚔ 
2nd Esopus WAR
During the beginning of the 2nd War the
Dutch
considered serious losses mainly because the
Esopus
had set up a devious diversion (news about a total wipe out of 'Nieuw Dorp' came too late). Later that year the Dutch killed chief Papequanaehen whilst engaging attacks on Esopus villages.
1660
  
   
1st Esopus WAR ends
1659
  
 ⚔ 
 1st Esopus WAR
Most probably this 1st War was initiated because of a misunderstanding. The
Dutch
had to buy time with scorched earth tactics until reinforcements came to repulse the
Esopus
.
1656
  
  
1st Mission in Apalachee lands
San Luis de Talimali ....

*** more later ***
1656
  
   
Erie People defeated
After 2 years of resistence by the
Erie People
it was the
Iroquois
Confederacy who extended their lands again.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1655
  
 ⚔ 
Peach Tree WAR
A
Susquehannock
attack on
Dutch
settlements.
*** more later ***
1655
  
 ⚔ 
New Sweden dissolved
The
Dutchman
Peter Stuyvesant recaptured Fort Casimir and ended
New Sweden
permanently.
1654
  
 ⚔ 
Fort Casimir captured
The
Dutch
Fort Casimir was captured by
New Sweden
. They renamed it Fort Trinity.
1654
  
 ⚔ 
Erie People attacked
And again the
Iroquois
kept on warring. The Confederacy attacked the
Erie People
(aka Eriehronon).
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1651
  
Fort Casimir at 'de Zuyd'
Fort Casimir was built south of the
Swedish
Fort Christina to consolidate
Dutch
presence on the shores of the Deleware River ('de Zuydrivier' in old Dutch).
1650
  
 ⚔ 
Chonnonton defeated
The
Iroquois
Confederacy kept on expanding their territory and defeated the
Chonnonton
(aka Attawandaron or Neutral People), who were already weakened by European diseases (measles and smallpox) .
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1649
  
   
Huron defeated
The
Iroquois
ferociously defeated the
Huron
. Those villagers who survived were captured to be adopted into the Confederacy. As a consequence the
French
lost their main fur supplier.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1648
  
 ⚔ 
Iroquois attacked Huron
Many
Huron
villages were attacked by
Iroquois
warriors armed with guns (possesed through trade with Dutch colonists).
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1646
  
Fort Henry built
Fort Henry
was built at the shores of the Appomattox river in Virginia near nowadays Petersburg.
1646
  
   
3rd Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
The
Powhatan
Confederacy disintegrated after Opechancanough's death, though hostilities by the
English
continued for a while.
1645
  
   
Kieft's WAR ends
Harasment had become enormous and very frequent;
Lenape
and many allies were fully compromised to revenge the massacres.
In 1645 a truce was agreed upon, though
'Nieuw Nederland'
had completely lost its confidence in the area along 'de Noortrivier'.
1644
  
 ⚔ 
3rd Anglo-Powhatan WAR
After a period of peace the
Powhatan
Chief Opechancanough again started to attack
English
settlements.
1644
  
 ⚔ 
Pound Ridge Massacre
A grievous nighttime attack was launched by
Dutch
and
English
colonials lead by Captain John Underhill on a Wappinger village east of the 'Noortrivier' (one of the more dominant members of the
Lenape).
1643
  
 ⚔ 
Kieft's WAR
After Kieft's massacres
Dutch
settlers were repeatedly harassed by
Lenape
warriors. Soon other neighbouring tribes joined them in their actions.
1643
  
 ⚔ 
Slaughter of the innocents
The killings of
Lenape
men, women and children at Pavonia and Corlears Hook are recorded as 'the slaughter of the innocents'. Both massacres, initiated by the
Dutch
Governer Willem Kieft, took place despite a negative consent of the Council of Twelve Men.
1642
  
Montreal founded
The
Frenchman
Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve founded Ville-Marie; a settlement near 'Mont Royale' which was soon called Montreal as well.
1640
  enslavement in Virginia
John Punch (a 12-generation grandfather of Barack Obama) has the unfortunate stigma of being considered by historians as the first official slave in Virginia.
1638
  
Fort Christina built
By order of the
Dutchman
Samuel Blommaert the
Flamish
Peter Minuit (former Governer of New Amsterdam) was appointed to lead a Swedish expedition to the new World.
In a way the birth of
New Sweden
despite the
Dutch
claim of the area surrounding the 'Zuyd rivier'.
1638
  
 ⚔ 
Wenro ferociously defeated
The
Wenro
people were attacked by the
Iroquois;
survivors assimilated with the
Seneca
(the most western member of the Iroquois) or fled North-Westwards beyond the Niagara Falls.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1638
  
   
Pequot WAR ends
The
Pequot
chief Sassacus sought refuge amongst the
Mohawk
, though was instead murdered (head and hands brought to the
English
). The
Pequot
spirit was broken.
1637
  
 ⚔ 
Fairfield Swamp Fight
Trying to flee westwards the remaining
Pequot
warriors, including chief Sassacus, got surrounded by
English,
Narragansett
and
Mohegan
warriors. After 2 days of battle he and a small number of
Pequots
somehow managed to flee.
1637
  
 ⚔ 
Mystic Massacre
The fortified
Pequot
village next to the Mystic River was set ablaze by the
English
. Those who tried to flee were shot.
1636
  
Rhode Island founded
Rhode Island founded by the
Englishman
R. Williams.
1636
  
 ⚔ 
Pequot WAR
Unclear killings were the cause of war between
Pequots
and
English
colonists. The colonists got support from
Narragansett
and
Mohegan
warriors.
1635
  
Connecticut Colony founded
A colony in Connecticut was founded by the
Englishman
John Winthrop Junior.
1634
  
Maryland was being colonized
Settlers to Maryland; initiated by the
Englishman
Cecil Calvert
1634
  
Trois-Rivières permanently settled
This spot was chosen for a settlement because of its position at the 'crossroads of rivers'.
French
fur traders came from all directions to sell their goods, which were to be shipped via Quebec to the European Continent.
1632
  
   
2nd Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
Although peace was already declared in 1628 it became official in 1632.
1630
  
Puritans founded Massachusetts
Puritans, led by the
Englishman
John Winthrop, founded Massachusetts.
1629
  
New Hampshire founded
John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges divided
English
claims along the Piscataqua river. Mason called his area New Hampshire.
1628
  
   
Mohican defeated
Mohican
defeated by
Mohawks
(member of the
Iroquois
Confederacy).
The first major conflict of the Beaver Wars.
1627
  
Fort Nassau at 'de Zuyd'
The
Dutch
had built Fort Nassau next to the Deleware River ('de Zuydrivier' in old Dutch)
1627
  
'Compagnie des Cent-Associés'
Cardinal Richelieu initiated a 'Compagnie des Cent-Associés'; which was in a way the birth of
New France
. He did so to expand the
French
colonization in the New World and to have fur trade done on a more organized level in the area around Quebec.
1625
  
 ⚔ 
Mohican attacked
Mohican
attacked by
Mohawks
(member of the
Iroquois
Confederacy) because of fur trade competition. Therefor this event is seen as the beginning of the Beaver Wars.
1624
  
Fort Orange at 'de Noort-rivier'
The
Dutch
colonists had built a replacement for Fort Nassau at the Hudson River near nowadays Albany.
1622
  
 ⚔ 
2nd Anglo-Powhatan WAR
The second Anglo-Powhatan War started with the Indian Massacre of 1622.
1622
  
 ⚔ 
Indian Massacre of 1622
Powhatan
warriors and allies entered
English
settlements pretending to be salesmen of goods and food. After a while they launched a ferocious surprise attack with a devastating ending.
1620
  
Plymouth founded
The Mayflower Voyage brought the 1st Pilgrims to the New World; they,
Dutch
and
English
citizens, had to take landfall before reaching their planned destination because they were seriously running down on supplies. Despite skepticism an
English
settlement was founded; they called it Plymouth.
1616
  
Region named New England
Wereas John Smith was one of the first leaders in Jamestown (Virginia) he was never to come back there again. Though, during his 1616-voyage he explored the coastline of nowadays Massachusettes, New Hampshire & Maine; he named this more northern region
New England
.
1614
  
Fort Nassau at 'de Noort'
A fortified
Dutch
trading post, called Fort Nassau, was build at the Hudson River ('de Noortrivier' in old Dutch) on Westerlo Island.
1614
  
   
1st Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
After the raid of Matchcot (the new
Powhatan capital) peace was sealed by the marriage of the chiefs daughter Pocahontas to the
English
colonist John Rolfe.
1613
  
Region named 'Nieuw Nederland'
Adrian Block founded the first settlement and claimed a large area as
'Nieuw Nederland'
.
1613
  
  
Two Row Wampum Treaty
The
Dutch
initiated trade with the
Iroquois
Confederacy. A Two Row Wampum Treaty was recorded: furs <=> mainly weapons.
The Iroquois (aka Haudenosaunee or Five Nations) was from east to west comprised of:
Mohawk,
Oneida,
Onondaga,
Cayuga &
Seneca
.
1610
  
Hudson Bay shores explored
The
English
explored Hudson Bay shores under supervision of Henry Hudson. This strategically most interesting fur trading spot was considered seriously only more than half a century later.
1609
  
 ⚔ 
1st Anglo-Powhatan WAR
The
Englishman
George Percy brutally attacked the
Powhatan
capital Paspahegh by order of De La Warr; the 1st Anglo-Powhatan war was a fact.
1609
  
Hudson River shores explored
Under supervision of the
English
man Henry Hudson the
Dutch
sailed North on the 'Noortrivier' (nowadays called the Hudson River).
1608
  
French founded Quebec
Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec. It was the first successful permanent settlement for
France
in the New World.
1607
  
English established Jamestown
The first permanent
English
settlement in the New World: Jamestown in nowadays Virginia. Unfortunately they had built it on a swamp, trying to avoid unfriendly interactions with native people. Still though, despite health problems and an unbalanced relation with the
Powhatan
people, Jamestown was going to be rather successful; mainly because of tobacco trade.
Column  1
   Eastern   N.Am.;   South & Central
States (some partly) claimed by
New France
before 1763:

Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri & Iowa.

Florida was claimed by
New Spain
.
Column  2
   Eastern   N.Am.;   Great Lakes & North
All these nowadays states were (some partly) claimed by
New France
before 1763 except the Hudson Bay shore's, which the
English
called Rupert's land.

USA-states: Minnesota, Wisconsin & Michigan.
Canadian-states: Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba & Nunavut.
Column  3
   First 13 colonies; the Northern 7
The British Colonies east of the Proclamation-line:
  • Parts of: Pennsylvania and New York
  • New Jersey
  • Connecticut
  • Rhode Island
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire (+ Maine & Vermont)
  • Column  4
       First 13 colonies; the Southern 6
    The British Colonies east of the Proclamation-line:
  • part of Georgia
  • part of South Carolina
  • part of North Carolina
  • part of Virginia
  • Maryland
  • Delaware
  • development message:

    The (post) CLASSIC ERA is not yet planned for construction


    development message:

    The INDUSTRIAL ERA is not yet planned for construction

    All (default)
    Iroquois
    Wabanaki
    Wampanoag
    Mohawk
    Cherokee
    Narragansett
    Mohican / Mahican
    Powhatan
    Mohegan
    Wenro
    New England
    Nipmuc
    Huron / Wyandot
    New France
    Pequot
    Chonnonton / Neutral
    New Netherlands
    Esopus
    Erie
    New Sweden
    Lenape
    Susquehannock
    New Spain
    Shawnee
    Choctaw
    US of America
    development message:

    The CIVILIZATION-selection-system is yet under construction

    development message:

    The INDUSTRIAL ERA is not yet planned for construction

    1950
    industrial era
    1800
    colonial period
    1500
    classic era
    200
    1800
    1750
    1700
    1650
    1600