AMERICA
Eastern
NORTH
90
88
85
83
80
78
76
75
74
73
71
70
69
67
66
65
64
63
60
55
54
49
48
44
40
33
30
29
25
22
20
18
17
16
15
13
11
10
02
01
97
93
90
88
85
81
80
77
76
75
74
73
70
64
63
61
60
59
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
46
45
44
43
42
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
30
29
28
27
25
24
22
21
20
18
16
15
14
13
10
09
08
07
1783
 
 
Cherokee - American WAR
The WAR didn't end really, but continued officially without the British after the Treaty of Paris.
1783
 
 
 
 
Am. Revolutionary WAR ends
American Revolutionary WAR ends with the Peace of Paris.

*** more later ***
1776
 
Cherokee - American WAR
Beginning of Cherokee - American War
1776
 
The 4th of July:  Independence Day
The First 13 colonies, who were in a way represented by the 'Founding Fathers', declared themselves independent and formed the
UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA.
1776
 
The 'Founding Fathers'
The 'Founding Fathers' were the initiators and writers of the Declaration of Independence.
1775
 
 
 
American Revolutionary WAR
1774
 
Lord Dunmore's WAR
Hostilities arose in nowadays West-Virginia because of the use of hunting grounds by
Shawnee
villagers; Lord Dunmore's War was a fact. The
British
were victorious when the Battle of Point Pleasant was won.
1773
 
Boston Tea Party
1770
 
Boston Massacre
1767
 
Townshend Acts
The
British
parliament enacted the Townshend Acts. Effectively adding tax to be paid on Britisch goods in the Colonies.
1766
 
 
Pontiac's WAR ends
End of Pontiac's War.

*** more later ***
1765
 
Quartering Act
Quartering Act.

*** more later ***
1765
 
Stamp Act
Stamp Act.

*** more later ***
1764
 
Sugar Act
Sugar Act.

*** more later ***
1763
 
Pontiac's WAR
Beginning of Pontiac's War.

*** more later ***
1763
 
 
 
 
Royal Proclamation Line
The Royal Proclamation Line.

*** more later ***
1763
 
 
 
 
French & Indian WAR ends
The war was lost for
France
when Lieutenant General William Amherst decisively won the last Battle of Signal Hill. French resistance was over; all lands in North America were ceded to the
British.
1755
 
 
 
Father Le Loutre's WAR ends
End of Father Le Loutre's War.

*** more later ***
1754
 
 
 
French & Indian WAR
Beginning of the French and Indian War.....

*** more later ***
1749
 
 
Father Le Loutre's WAR
Beginning of Father Le Loutre's War.....

*** more later ***
1748
 
Ohio Company founded
The
Ohio
Company was founded to gain lands and block
French
expansion.
1748
 
 
 
 
King George's WAR ends
End of King George's War.

*** more later ***
1744
 
 
 
King George's WAR
Beginning of King George's War.

*** more later ***
1733
 
Georgia founded
Georgia became an official colony when James Oglethorpe secured a charter; Savannah was established as capital.
1729
 
Baltimore founded
Baltimore founded mainly because of the need for a harbor to improve the tobacco trade.
1725
 
 
End of Dummer's WAR
End of Dummer's WAR.

*** more later ***
1722
 
Dummer's WAR
Dummer's WAR.

*** more later ***
1718
 
'Blackbeard' ambushed
Edward Teach (Aka Blackbeard) ambushed and afterwards killed on Ocracoke Island.
1718
 
New Orleans founded
New Orleans founded by J.B. Le Moyne.
1717
 
 
 
 
Yamasee war ended
The war never really ended officially. Many
Yamasee
people died or were enslaved. Those who fled in time joined the (lower)
Creek
or, maybe later, the emerging
Seminoles.
1715
 
Yamasee WAR
The
Yamasee
(also spelled Yemassee) people were displeased with the outcome of the Tuscarora war; especially on the account of the English policy concerning slave trading. A next war in the region was at hand.
English
settlers fled to Charles Town.
1715
 
 
 
Tuscarora war ended
The
English
were victorious. Most of the surviving
Tuscarora
people moved to the North, where they were accepted as the 6th tribe of the
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy.
1713
 
 
 
 
Queen Anne's WAR ended
The end of Queen Anne's war.

*** more later ***
1711
 
Tuscarora WAR
After a long period of peace, which endured half a century, a war broke out between Southern
Tuscarora
people and
English
colonists.
1702
 
 
 
Queen Anne's WAR
Queen Anne's war.

*** more later ***
1701
 
 
The Great Peace of Montreal
The
French
and
Haudenosaunee
signed a Peace Treaty; this actually ended the Beaver Wars.
1697
 
 
 
 
King William's WAR ended
The 1st of the French and Indian Wars came to an end; a status quo ante bellum was agreed upon.
1693
 
College of William & Mary
1688
 
 
 
King William's WAR
In North-America the
French
and the
British
both wanted a monopoly on fur trade. This was the main reason for the 1st French and Indian War.
1681
 
Pennsylvania granted
Pennsylvania granted by Charles II
1677
 
 
Susquehannock defeated
The
English
had turned against their former ally since the signing of treaties with the Haudenosaunee. Though it was the
Haudenosaunee
who decisively defeated the
Susquehannock.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1676
 
Bacon's Rebellion
1676
 
 
King Philip's WAR ends
The war ended when resistance faded after the death of Metacomet at Mount Hope.
1675
 
King Philip's WAR
The
English
had established a reasonable understanding with inhabitants of local tribes; in particular with the Wampanoag and their Sachem Massasoit. His son Metacomet originally continued this good trade relation. Though, the situation changed when in the East the
English
wanted more land and in the West their traditional enemy, the Haudenosaunee, became more hostile.
1674
 
 
Haudenosaunee allied with English
Haudenosaunee & English signed Treaties (within a Covenant Chain).
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1674
 
 
'Nieuw Nederland' ceased to exist
The Treaty of Westminster was signed in London. The
English
claimed again 'Nieuw Nederland' on which the
Dutch
had to agree upon; they had no choice. 'Nieuw Amsterdam' was renamed to New York.
1673
 
Restoration of 'Nieuw Nederland'
On the European Continent the
Netherlands
were since 1672 (the disaster year) again at war with
England
amongst wars with France and others. Despite the situation the Dutch Government wanted to retake 'Nieuw Nederland' and ordered Cornelius Evertsen to sail out; his mission was successful.
1673
 
Shipment of women diminished
The plan had worked and cities grew very well, though it was rather late; the
English
remained very much ahead on the account of citizens. And therefore, the transportation of loads of
French
women diminished.
1670
 
Charlestown founded
Charlestown founded in South-Carolina
1670
 
 
Hudson Bay Company founded
The
Frenchmen
Radisson and des Groseilliers didn't get the means from their superiors to start fur-trading in Northern regions. Mainly therefore they contacted the
English
. With the support of the Duke of Cumberland, Prince Rupert, their efforts were viable and a trade relation with the
Cree
was established. A new economically successful Company (HBC) was born, though hostilities between other local tribes,
New France
and
New England
increased.
1664
 
English claimed 'Nieuw Nederland'
The Dutch colonists surrendered without any real resistance at the time.
1663
 
The Kings Daughters
Despite the fact that
French
fur traders explored the New World much sooner than other foreigners in Eastern N.Am., it was the
English
settlements that grew more rapidly because of a policy focused on colonizing. After realizing this Louis XIV changed his concept and sent shipments with loads of women in just a decade.
1663
 
 
Haudenosaunee repulsed
With help from English troopers (provided by the
Maryland
colony) the
Susquehannock
initially repulsed the
Haudenosaunee.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1663
 
Province of Carolina officially founded
New official foundation of North Carolina because the old charter of 1629 ruled invalid.
1663
 
2nd Esopus WAR
During the beginning of the 2nd War the
Dutch
considered serious losses mainly because the
Esopus
had set up a devious diversion (news about a total wipe out of 'Nieuw Dorp' came too late). Later that year the Dutch killed chief Papequanaehen whilst engaging attacks on Esopus villages.
1660
 
 
1st Esopus WAR ended
The
Dutch
had bought time with scorched earth tactics until reinforcements came to repulse the
Esopus
. Both parties concluded the 1st war with a trade-agreement: the Dutch gained land for food.
1659
 
 1st Esopus WAR
The Esopus attacked
Dutch
settlements ferociously because of the killing of
Esopus
-workers (after being payed) by
Dutch
colonists. Most probably this 1st War was initiated because of a misunderstanding.
1656
 
 
1st Mission in Apalachee lands
San Luis de Talimali built a mission to establish a more vast
Spanish
foothold in Florida mainly by trying to proselytize the Apalachee (a
Muscogean
tribe) and the
Timucuan.
1656
 
 
Erie People defeated
After 2 years of resistence by the
Erie People
it was the
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy who extended their lands again.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1655
 
New Sweden dissolved
The
Dutchman
Peter Stuyvesant recaptured Fort Casimir and ended
New Sweden
permanently. The Fort was again renamed: 'Nieuw Amstel'.
1655
 
Peach Tree WAR
A
Susquehannock
attack on
Dutch
settlements. Where the Dutch thenadays believed that it was a retaliation-act (they had killed a Wappinger woman for stealing a Peach), historians nowadays state that the Susquehannock attacked because the Dutch troops were away fighting
New
Sweden.
1654
 
Fort Casimir captured
The
Dutch
Fort Casimir was captured by
New Sweden
; they renamed it into Fort Trinity. Now occupying all strongholds on the western side of the Delaware River meant safety was assured for
Swedish
fur trading actions with the
Susquehannock
and maintaining trade with the
Lenape.
1654
 
Erie People attacked
And again the
Haudenosaunee
kept on warring. The Confederacy attacked the
Erie People
(aka Eriehronon).
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1653
 
Wallstreet
A conflictuous situation between the
Dutch
and
English
arose. Consequently, a wall was built on the northeastern boundary of New Amsterdam.
1651
 
Fort Casimir at 'de Zuyd'
Fort Casimir was built south of the
Swedish
Fort Christina to consolidate
Dutch
presence on the shores of the Deleware River ('de Zuydrivier' in old Dutch).
1650
 
Chonnonton defeated
The
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy kept on expanding their territory and defeated the
Chonnonton
(aka Neutral People), who were already weakened by European diseases (measles and smallpox) .
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1649
 
 
Huron defeated
The
Haudenosaunee
ferociously defeated the
Huron
. Those villagers who survived were captured to be adopted into the Confederacy. As a consequence the
French
lost their main fur supplier.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1648
 
Haudenosaunee attacked Huron
Many
Huron
villages were attacked by
Haudenosaunee
warriors armed with guns (possesed through trade with Dutch colonists).
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1646
 
Fort Henry built
Fort Henry
was built at the shores of the Appomattox river in Virginia near nowadays Petersburg.
1646
 
 
3rd Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
The
Powhatan
Confederacy disintegrated after Opechancanough's death, though hostilities by the
English
continued for a while.
1645
 
 
Kieft's WAR ends
Harasment had become enormous and very frequent;
Lenape
and many allies were fully compromised to revenge the massacres.
In 1645 a truce was agreed upon, though
'Nieuw Nederland'
had completely lost its confidence in the area along 'de Noortrivier'.
1644
 
3rd Anglo-Powhatan WAR
After a period of peace the
Powhatan
Chief Opechancanough again started to attack
English
settlements.
1644
 
Pound Ridge Massacre
A grievous nighttime attack was launched by
Dutch
and
English
colonials lead by Captain John Underhill on a Wappinger village east of the 'Noortrivier' (one of the more dominant members of the
Lenape).
1643
 
Kieft's WAR
After Kieft's wrongfull massacres
Dutch
settlers were repeatedly harassed by
Lenape
warriors. Soon other neighbouring tribes joined them in their just actions.
1643
 
Slaughter of the innocents
The killings of
Lenape
men, women and children at Pavonia and Corlears Hook are recorded as 'the slaughter of the innocents'. Both massacres, initiated by the
Dutch
Governer Willem Kieft, took place despite a negative consent of the Council of Twelve Men.
1642
 
Montreal founded
The
Frenchman
Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve founded Ville-Marie; a settlement near 'Mont Royale' which was soon called Montreal as well.
1640
  enslavement in Virginia
John Punch (a 12-generation grandfather of Barack Obama) has the unfortunate stigma of being considered by historians as the first official slave in Virginia.
1638
 
Fort Christina built
Whereas the
Dutchman,
Flamish born, Samuel Blommaert had served The Netherlands his whole life, he secretly planned a
Swedish
Expedition. He appointed the
Flamish
Peter Minuit (former Governer of New Amsterdam) to take up command. With actually building Fort Christina on Brandywine Creek, a tributory of the nowadays Deleware river, the birth of
New Sweden
was a fact (despite the
Dutch
claim of the area surrounding the 'Zuyd rivier').
1638
 
Wenro ferociously defeated
The
Wenro
people were attacked by the
Haudenosaunee;
survivors assimilated with the
Seneca
(the most western member of the Haudenosaunee) or fled North-Westwards beyond the Niagara Falls.
Part of the Beaver Wars.
1638
 
 
 
 
 
Pequot WAR ends
The
Pequot
chief Sassacus sought refuge amongst the
Mohawk
, though was instead murdered (head and hands brought to the
English
). The
Pequot
spirit was broken.
1637
 
 
 
Fairfield Swamp Fight
Trying to flee westwards the remaining
Pequot
warriors, including chief Sassacus, got surrounded by
English,
Narragansett
and
Mohegan
warriors. After 2 days of battle he and a small number of
Pequots
somehow managed to flee.
1637
 
 
 
Mystic Massacre
The fortified
Pequot
village next to the Mystic River was set ablaze by the
English
. Those who tried to flee were shot.
1636
 
Rhode Island founded
Rhode Island founded by the
Englishman
R. Williams.
1636
 
 
 
Pequot WAR
Unclear killings were the cause of war between
Pequots
and
English
colonists. The colonists got support from
Narragansett
and
Mohegan
warriors.
1635
 
Connecticut Colony founded
A colony in Connecticut was founded by the
Englishman
John Winthrop Junior.
1634
 
Maryland was being colonized
Settlers to Maryland; initiated by the
Englishman
Cecil Calvert
1634
 
Trois-Rivières permanently settled
This spot was chosen for a settlement because of its position at the 'crossroads of rivers'.
French
fur traders came from all directions to sell their goods, which were to be shipped via Quebec to the European Continent.
1632
 
 
2nd Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
Although peace was already declared in 1628 it became official in 1632.
1630
 
Puritans founded Massachusetts
Puritans, led by the
Englishman
John Winthrop, founded Massachusetts.
1629
 
Charter: 'Vrijheden & Exemptiën'
This charter was issued by the
Dutch
WIC with the intention to get colonization on its way. Up till then the policy making focus had been on trade solely.
1629
 
New Hampshire founded
John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges divided
English
claims along the Piscataqua river. Mason called his area New Hampshire.
1628
 
 
Mohican defeated
Mohican
defeated by
Mohawks
(member of the
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy).
The first major conflict of the Beaver Wars.
1627
 
Fort Nassau at 'de Zuyd'
The
Dutch
had built Fort Nassau on the eastern shores 'van de Zuydrivier' (in old Dutch); most probably in Camden. A major city was going to develop over time on the other side of the nowadays called Delaware River.
1627
 
'Compagnie des Cent-Associés'
Cardinal Richelieu initiated a 'Compagnie des Cent-Associés'; which was in a way the birth of
New France
. He did so to expand the
French
colonization in the New World and to have fur trade done on a more organized level in the area around Quebec.
1625
 
Mohican attacked
Mohican
villages attacked by
Mohawks
(member of the
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy). The Iroquois wanted to expand their hunting grounds; therefore this event is regarded as the beginning of the Beaver Wars.
1624
 
Fort Orange at 'de Noort-rivier'
Fort Nassau was built on a spot which occasionaly got flooded. Therefor
Dutch
colonists, at the time commanded by the WIC, had built a replacement at the Hudson River near nowadays Albany.
1622
 
2nd Anglo-Powhatan WAR
The second Anglo-Powhatan War started with the Indian Massacre of 1622.
1622
 
Indian Massacre of 1622
Powhatan
warriors and allies entered
English
settlements pretending to be salesmen of goods and food. After a while they launched a ferocious surprise attack with a devastating ending.
1621
 
West India Company
The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands granted a trade-charter to the West India Company. The actual area where the
WIC
was allowed to trade (including slave-trading?!) was the Americas; thenadays seen as the western route to India.
1620
 
Plymouth founded
The Mayflower Voyage brought the 1st Pilgrims to the New World; they,
Dutch
and
English
citizens, had to take landfall before reaching their planned destination because they were seriously running down on supplies. Despite skepticism an
English
settlement was founded; they called it Plymouth.
1616
 
Region named New England
Wereas John Smith was one of the first leaders in Jamestown (Virginia) he was never to come back there again. Though, during his 1616-voyage he explored the coastline of nowadays Massachusettes, New Hampshire & Maine; he named this more northern region
New England
.
1615
 
New Netherland Company
A chartered Company was actioned on the 1st of January to have
Dutch
trade executed and administered on an organized level for three years so higher profits should be achieved.
1614
 
Dutch trade expanded
A fortified trading post, called Fort Nassau, was built at the Hudson River on Castle Island (aka Westerlo Island) near nowadays Albany and thereby extending
Dutch
influence northwards. Concurrently, it was also extended southwards because C. H. van Monnickendam was chartering the area surrounding 'de Zuyd rivier'.
1614
 
 
1st Anglo-Powhatan WAR ends
After the raid of Matchcot (the new
Powhatan capital) peace was sealed by the marriage of the chiefs daughter Pocahontas to the
English
colonist John Rolfe.
1613
 
 
 
Two Row Wampum Treaty
The
Dutch
initiated trade with the
Haudenosaunee
Confederacy. A Two Row Wampum Treaty was recorded: furs <=> mainly weapons.
1613
 
The first settlement
Adrian Block founded a first
Dutch
settlement on the most southern point of nowadays Manhattan and consequently explored a large surrounding area.
1610
 
 
Hudson Bay shores explored
The
English
explored the nowadays Hudson Bay shores under supervision of Henry Hudson. Most probably they might have met the inhabitants of the region; the
Cree
Nation. This strategically most interesting fur trading spot was considered seriously only more than half a century later.
1609
 
1st Anglo-Powhatan WAR
The
Englishman
George Percy brutally attacked the
Powhatan
capital Paspahegh by order of De La Warr; the 1st Anglo-Powhatan war was a fact.
1609
 
Hudson River shores explored
Under supervision of the
English
man Henry Hudson the
Dutch
sailed North on the 'Noortrivier' (nowadays called the Hudson River).
1608
 
French founded Quebec
Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec. It was the first successful permanent settlement for
France
in the New World.
1607
 
English established Jamestown
The first permanent
English
settlement in the New World: Jamestown in nowadays Virginia. Unfortunately they had built it on a swamp, trying to avoid unfriendly interactions with native people. Still though, despite health problems and an unbalanced relation with the
Powhatan
people, Jamestown was going to be rather successful; mainly because of tobacco trade.
1
   Utmost South
2
   Central South
3
  
   Central North
4
   Utmost North
development message:

The (post) CLASSIC ERA is not yet planned for construction


development message:

The INDUSTRIAL ERA is not yet planned for construction

Haudenosaunee
Mohican
Cree
Mohawk
Esopus
Wabanaki
Seneca
Lenape
Nipmuc
Huron
Susquehannock
Wampanoag
Chonnonton
Powhatan
Narragansett
Wenro
Tuscarora
Pequot
Erie
Yamasee
Mohegan
Shawnee
Cherokee
New France
New Netherlands
New England
New Spain
New Sweden
US of America

 
 
 United States of America
The mainly Anglophone inhabitants of the first 13 colonies in the New World felt after two centuries no real emotional connection with England anymore. This, in combination with high taxation on European products, made the urge to become independent grow. In 1776 a declaration was announced and a new country was born: the
United
States of America.
 
 
 Cree
From the early ages forth the
Cree
nation inhabited quick and resourcefull skilled fur trappers (Okihtcitaw). They lived in an enormously large region surrounding the nowadays Hudson Bay (aka Rupert's Land).
 
 
 Wabanaki
The
Wabanaki
Confederacy was extremely large concerning territory. South of the nowadays St. Lawrence River [it stretched from Vermont to Nova Scotia].
 
 
 Nipmuc
The
Nipmuc
lived in the horizontal rectangle of nowadays Massachusetts.
 
 
 Wampanoag
The
Wampanoag
lived in nowadays Southeast Massachusetts.
 
 
 Narragansett
The
Narragansett
lived in nowadays Rhode Island.
 
 
 Pequot
The
Pequot
lived in nowadays central-east Connecticut.
 
 
 Mohegan
The
Mohegan
lived in nowadays central-west Connecticut.
 
 
 Mohican
The
Mohican
(also regularly spelled as Mahican) lived on the northern shores of the nowadays called Hudson river.
 
 
 Esopus
The
Esopus
lived at the river flowing through the breathtaking nowadays Catskill Mountains; a tributary of the nowadays Hudson river.
 
 
 Lenape
The
Lenape
lived on the shores of the nowadays Delaware river and its tributaries [nowadays New Jersey and the utmost east of Pennsylvania]
 
 
 Susquehannock
The
Susquehannock
lived in nowadays central Pennsylvania on the shores of the Siskëwahane river.
 
 
 Powhatan
The
Powhatan
lived east of the Appalachians on the nowadays James river [Virginia].
 
 
 Tuscarora
The
Tuscarora
lived east of the Appalachians in nowadays North-Carolina.
 
 
 Yamasee
The
Yamasee
lived Southeast of the Appalachians in nowadays South Carolina.
 
 
 Cherokee
The
Cherokee
lived in a rather large Appalachian mountain range area, with its center on the nowadays border of Tennessee and North-Carolina.
 
 
 Shawnee
The
Shawnee
lived in the nowadays Great Ohio Valley [a region comprising parts of Ohio, Kentucky and West-Virginia].
 
 
 Erie
The
Erieehronon
lived on the southern and south-eastern shores of nowadays Lake Erie [northern Ohio and western Pennsylvania].
 
 
 Wenro
The
Wenro
lived south of nowadays Lake Ontario.
 
 
 Chonnonton
The
Chonnonton,
aka Neutral nation, lived in the center between the Great Lakes.
 
 
 Huron
The
Huron
(aka Wendat / Wyandot) lived in the region where the nowadays St. Lawrence river evolves from nowadays Lake Ontario.
 
 
 Mohawk
The
Mohawk
were believed to be most fiersome. Though, this attribute could have been caused by an adjustment; they were after all amongst the first to gain possession of musketguns.
 
 
 Haudenosaunee
The
Haudenosaunee
, aka Iroquois or Five Nations, comprised the following members from east to west:
Mohawk,
Oneida,
Onondaga,
Cayuga &
Seneca.
 
 
 New Spain
Spain
arrived in Middle America in 1492, established Presidios and Missions, proselytized and/or overpowered local nations, brought shiploads of gold and silver back to Europe and claimed lands as large as it was thought it would be.
 
 
 New England
The
English
had a different policy. They brought, amongst soldiers, rather soon whole families to the New World. And yes, their initial settlements grew strong more rapidly; the fundament for their succes. Besides that, most often their diplomatic attitude towards local nations was fruitfull.
 
 
 New France
The
'Coureurs des bois'
were very courageous people who soon after their arrival explored large regions of land. An excellent fur trade network was soon established; it reached at its pinnacle from the Canadian tundra's to as far south as the Mexican Bay.
 
 
 New Sweden
The
Swedes
were active in the area surrounding nowadays Philadelphia on the Delaware river; focus was on fur trade rather than expansion.
 
 
 New Netherlands
The
Dutch
established trading posts at 'de Noort- en zuydrivier' [in nowadays New York, New Jersey and Delaware] as well as in South America. And indeed, trade was succesfull in te beginning.
development message:

The CIVILIZATION-selection-system is yet under construction

development message:

The INDUSTRIAL ERA is not yet planned for construction

1900
2nd Formative &
Early Industrial
1800
Colonial Period
Eastern North Am.
1600-1800
Colonial Period
All America's
1500
classic era
200
1800
1750
1700
1650
1600